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Load bearing or bearing walls

Exterior walls that connects ceiling, roof or upper floor loads to the foundation are load bearing. Internal walls that support joists to foundations are also bearing walls. Bearing walls usually have perpendicular joists or rafters resting on top of them and foundations underneath them.

Load Bearing

Foundation and Footing
A house always needs a strong foundation. Depending upon where a house was built, the foundation may be made of stone, brick, preservative-treated lumber, concrete block or poured concrete. Most houses have a raised, perimeter foundation that supports floors and walls. There are three types of conventional concrete foundations. They are:

The bottom part of a foundation is called a footing.