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Darul Aman Palace
|Darul Aman Palace is a European-style palace located about ten miles outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan. Darul Aman was built during the 1920s as a part of the reformist King Amanullah Khan's modernization drive. It is an imposing neoclassical building on a hilltop overlooking a flat, dusty valley in the western part of the Afghan capital. Intended as the seat for a future parliament outside of Kabul, the building was unused for many years after religious conservatives forced Amanullah from power and halted his reforms. Darulaman Palace was first gutted by fire in 1969. It was restored to house the Kabul Museum and later the Defense Ministry during the 1970s and 1980s. During the Communist coup of 1978, The Darul Aman Palace, which housed the government's defense ministry, was set on fire. The destruction of Darul Aman marked the end of the Saur Revolution, which lasted two days. But it was destroyed again as rival mujahideen factions fought for control of Kabul during the early 1990s. Heavy shelling by the mujahideen after the end of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan left the building a shell. In 2005, a plan was unveiled to refurbish Darul Aman Palace for use as the seat of Afghanistan's future parliament. It would be funded primarily by private donations from foreigners and wealthy Afghans. On a hill behind the Darul Aman Palace stands the Tajbeg Palace, built for Amanullah's wife, Queen Soraya. During the Soviet war, housed the headquarters of the Soviet 40th Army.
|Tajbeg Palace or Tapa-e-Tajbeg Palace is a Palace built in the 1920s and located about ten miles (16 km) outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan. The stately mansion sits atop a knoll among snow-covered foothills where the Afghan royal family once hunted and picnicked. It should not be confused with Darul Aman Palace, which is about 0.8 miles (1.3 km) northeast from Tajbeg. Built during the era of King Amanullah, this palace was home of the queen. European architects were hired by the royal court to build of a new city quarter called "Darulaman", of which the Taj-Beg palace is one of the most impressive landmarks.